PEHA Survey Form
PEHA Nursing Care Plan
most comprehensive information on home safety, go to the Home Safety Council
Key Materials from Essentials for Healthy Home
Keep It Safe -
Keep It Clean -
Keep It Maintained -
renovation or remodeling
Renovation or remodeling
may create environmental hazards by:
Bringing in materials to
perform the work such as volatile organic compounds;
By disturbing existing
materials such as lead-based paint and asbestos; or
safety features such as removing railings or disabling alarms.
The resident undertook a
renovation, ask for details and review for
potential indoor pollutants or
home safety hazards.
Regarding the hazards during renovation, the
Home Safety Council that taking on home improvement
projects can be fun and appealing. However, being handy around the home
could lead to serious injury if you don’t take appropriate safety
precautions. The State of Home Safety in America™ report (2002) found that
emergency departments reported more than 330,000 visits due to injuries with
home workshop equipment in a single year. Safety practices will shield you
and your loved ones from injuries related to home improvement projects:
Keep a stocked first aid kit in every
location that an injury may occur. First aid may make the difference
between a quick recovery and permanent injury.
Post emergency numbers, including the
national Poison Control Hotline (1-800-222-1222) by each phone.
If you decide to install a fire
extinguisher in your workshop, contact your fire department to learn how
to select the proper type of extinguisher and when to use it.
Keep hazardous materials out of
When working with any product, check
warnings and content labels to identify hazards.
Follow manufacturer's instructions and
heed warning labels.
Use gasoline as a motor fuel only.
Gasoline must never be used indoors,
because its flammable vapors can be ignited by even a tiny spark. Store
gasoline in an outdoor shed or garage, out of children’s reach, in a
vented container approved for gasoline storage.
Use caution with other flammable and
combustible products. Properly dispose of oily rags after use and hang
them outside to dry.
Falling and flying objects, especially
when working in tight spaces, can pose a hazard to your head, face and
eyes. Consider wearing hard hats, safety vests, protective eye wear and
ear plugs while working.
If you allow someone to watch you work,
make sure they wear protective gear too.
Wear chemical safety glasses when using
hazardous solvents and cleaning products.
Wear safety glasses with side shields
when using power tools.
Designate your work area as a “kid free
zone” to keep young children out of harm’s way and out of the reach of
tools and equipment.
Do not wear any loose or dangling
clothing or jewelry that could become caught in moving parts.
Keep your work area clean and free from
Keep power equipment in good condition.
Repair or replace damaged tools.
Read and follow manufacturer’s
instructions and warnings on tools, power equipment and building
Use heavy duty extension cords for tools
such as trimmers and edgers listed by Underwriters Laboratories (UL) for
Unplug the power cord before you do any
trouble-shooting on a tool that is jammed or won't start, and never walk
away from a plugged-in-power tool -- even for a few minutes.
Follow basic ladder safety rules whenever
Resources: Home Safety Council -
Stairs, protective walls, railings, porches
According to the Home Safety Council's national report on
home injuries, the State of Home Safety in America™ (2004), falls
accounted for nearly one-third of all unintentional home injury deaths
each year. Falls from stairs and steps were the second leading cause of
death due to falls. Follow the Home Safety Council's steps to stairway
safety to make your home safer from falls:
Use the handrail. (All stairways and
steps, no matter how short, should have handrails on both sides.)
Install bright lights and on/off switches
at the top and bottom of each stairwell and over porches and entryways.
Keep stairways and steps clear of all
objects. Never use the stairs as temporary storage or for displaying
Check stairs for worn or loose carpeting
or protruding carpet tacks. If your steps have a smooth surface,
consider installing anti-slip tread to provide safer traction.
Paint the bottom basement step white to
make it more visible. Mistaking the lowest step for floor level can
cause you to lose your balance and fall.
In homes with young children, use safety
gates at the tops and bottoms of stairways.
Wear footwear with traction. Avoid
wearing socks or smooth-soled slippers, which can slide out from under
you on bare floors.
Avoid carrying vision blocking loads.
Carry a small enough load up and down stairs that you can see where you
are stepping and can easily keep one hand free to hold onto a handrail.
Avoid placing throw rugs at the top or
bottom of a stairway as small scatter rugs can slide or the edges can
become curled. If it is necessary to put a rug at the bottom of a
stairway, make sure it has a skid-resistant backing and use carpet tape
to keep the corners from curling.
If you have steps outside your home, keep
them free of ice and snow. To prevent a tripping hazard, periodically
check steps and walkways for broken or lose bricks, cement or stone.
Home Safety Council -
Poorly lighting can result in slips, trips
and falls for residents, especially the elderly and those who may have
eyesight problems. Changes in the level of the floor such as at a
transition from carpet to tile can be a serious problem. Replace
burned out light bulbs and if possible go to a brighter bulb.
Poison control number
Home Safety Council research shows that
poisoning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury related
death in the home. According to the American Association of Poison
Control Centers (AAPCC) more than 92 percent of the 2.3 million poison
exposures reported in the latest year studied occurred in the home. Yet,
the Home Safety Council found that most families are not taking the
appropriate precautions to reduce the risk of poison exposure.
Poison prevention is for
everyone, not just children. The Home Safety Council's poisoning prevention
advice can help individuals and families keep their homes safer from
poisonous and toxic products, chemicals and gases, regardless of the ages of
the occupants. Homes with young children need to take extra precautions.
Follow these guidelines to keep your family safe from poison exposures at
Make sure all potentially dangerous
products (household cleaners, medicines, and typical garage items like
antifreeze and pesticides) all have child resistant closures on them,
are locked up, and are stored in high places.
Homes with young children should have
child locks installed on cabinets.
Store food and non-food products
separately. This protects consumers in the event of a leak in the
product and reduces any possible confusion between items.
Make sure all medicines and prescriptions
have not expired. If they have expired they should be flushed down the
toilet and not thrown away in the garbage.
Immediately mop up puddles of anti-freeze
and car oil in the garage or driveway. They are extremely harmful to
children and pets.
Read the use and storage directions
before using products. Original labels on product containers often give
important first-aid information.
Wear gloves and follow manufacturer’s
instructions when using harsh chemicals or cleaners.
Do not mix household products, because
their contents could react together with dangerous results.
Post the national poison control hotline
(1-800-222-1222) next to every phone.
Home Safety Council -
Fire is a leading cause of preventable deaths in the
home; but by being prepared to handle this emergency, you can help your
family safely exit your home in the event of a fire. Fire safety and
survival begins with everyone in your household being prepared. In the
year studied, The State of Home Safety in America™ report found that
only 54 percent of families with children have discussed what to do in
case of a home fire. The Home Safety Council recommends the following
guidelines for developing a home fire escape plan:
Have smoke alarms on every level of your
home. Make sure a smoke alarm is inside or near every bedroom.
Test each smoke alarm every month. Push
the test button until you hear a loud noise.
Make a fire escape plan for your family.
Sketch out a floor plan of your home, including all rooms, windows,
interior and exterior doors, stairways, fire escapes and smoke alarms.
Make sure that every family member familiar with the layout.
Make sure windows and doorways open
easily. Make sure stair and doorways are never blocked. Look for things
that could slow down your escape. Move or fix them.
If you have security bars on doors and
windows, have a “quick-release” latch. This makes it easy to get outside
in an emergency. Make sure everyone in your family knows how to use the
Find two ways out of every room – the
door and maybe the window. You might need an escape ladder to get out of
upstairs bedroom windows. If so, they should be part of your fire drill,
deployed safely from a ground-floor window for practice.
Select two escape routes from each room
and mark them clearly on the plan.
Children and older people will need help
escaping a fire. Plan for this. Know who needs help and pick someone to
help them. If anyone in the household has a hearing impairment, purchase
special smoke alarms that use strobes and/or vibrations to signal a
Have a place to meet in front of your
home. Use a portable phone or a neighbor’s phone to call 911.
Make copies of the escape plan sketches
and post them in each room until everyone becomes familiar with them.
Practice makes perfect. Every second
counts during a real fire. Hold family fire drills frequently and at
various times until the escape plans become second nature. Once you’ve
mastered the escape process, hold a drill when family members are
sleeping so you can test each family member’s ability to waken and
respond to the smoke alarm.
Young children might sleep through the
sound of the smoke alarm. Be prepared for a family member to wake
children for fire drills and in a real emergency.
Home Safety Council -
Homes are filled with electrical appliances and tools
that enhance our lives with convenience, comfort, and entertainment. But
the power that drives these important devices can be a source of pain
and tragedy if it is misused.
These guidelines from the
Home Safety Council will help you spot
electrical problems which may be present in a home and take appropriate
action to correct or remove dangers. For continuous safety, residents should
give their home periodic checkups to be sure that no new hazards develop.
They should look for the following:
Every home should have the protection of
ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCI) in bathrooms and kitchens and
arc fault circuit interrupters (AFCI) in bedrooms. Contact a
professional electrician to ensure your home is adequately protected.
Check your GFCI monthly to determine that
it is operating properly. Units can be checked by pressing the "TEST
"button; the GFCI should disconnect the power to that outlet. Pressing
the "RESET "button reconnects the power. If the GFCI does not disconnect
the power, get assistance from a professional electrician.
If young children are in your home, use
child-safety caps on wall outlets.
All electrical appliances, cords and
fixtures in your home should be listed by an independent testing
laboratory such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL).
Never use worn, frayed or otherwise
damaged cords or appliances.
Follow the appliance manufacturer’s
recommendation for plugging into electrical power. Extension cords
should only be used temporarily.
Always use the appropriate light bulb
wattage for the size of the fixture. The safe maximum wattage is posted
in or on the fixture.
Keep all electrically-powered appliances
and equipment dry and away from places where water is used.
Unplug all small kitchen appliances, hair
dryers, curling irons, electric blankets and other small household
appliances when not in use.
Keep electrical cords out of traffic
areas and away from furniture that may cause pressure. Do not place
cords under rugs or carpets, which can cause overheating.
Check that cords are in good condition
and not knotted or coiled. Do not attach extension cords to baseboards
or walls with nails or staples.
Check the electrical rating on appliance
cords and extension cords and make sure they are carrying no more than
their proper loads.
If you need to use extension cords
outside, only use those specifically marked for outdoor use.
Never leave the faceplates off of outlets
Outdoor outlets should have waterproof
Matches and lighters stored
Candles can provide a warm and festive atmosphere - but
they can also be a fire hazard if left unattended or placed near
anything flammable. The Home Safety Council encourages families to enjoy
the warm and inviting atmosphere of candles while always keeping fire
safety in mind:
Never leave burning candles unattended.
Extinguish all candles before going to sleep or leaving the room.
Do not permit children to keep or use
candles or incense in their rooms. Candles should only be used when a
sober adult is present and awake.
Never use lighted candles on or near a
Christmas tree or other evergreens.
Keep candles at least three feet away
from anything that can burn, including other decorations and wrapping
Always use stable, nonflammable candle
Place candles where they will not be
knocked down or blown over and out of reach of pets and young children.
Always keep burning candles up high, out
of the reach of children. If you have children in your home, store
candles, matches and lighters out of their sight and reach.
Key Resource: Home
Safety Council -
According to the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission
(CPSC), there were nearly 47,000 injuries on home playgrounds to
children under age 15 in the latest year studied. The report also finds
that over a ten-year period, more deaths to children occurred on
backyard playgrounds than on public playgrounds. Adopt the following
safety guidelines with playground equipment in your home, and also use
the following guidelines to inspect any equipment in your neighborhood
or school before your child plays there:
Cover areas under and around play
equipment with soft materials such as hardwood chips, mulch, pea gravel
and sand (materials should be nine to 12 inches deep and extend six feet
from all sides of play equipment).
Do not suspend more than two swing seats
in the same section of a swing support structure.
Check equipment for signs of
deterioration or corrosion, including rust, chipped paint, splitting or
cracked plastic components or loose splinters.
Avoid putting play equipment close
together. For example, stationary climbing equipment should have an
uncluttered fall zone of at least six feet in all directions of
Slides and platforms for climbing
equipment should not exceed heights of six feet for school-age children
or four feet for pre-school children.
Beware of entrapment or entanglement
hazards. A child's head can be trapped in openings between 3.5 and nine
Avoid elevated platforms, walkways, or
ramps that lack adequate guardrails or other barriers (to help prevent
children from falling).
Watch for possible tripping hazards such
as rocks and roots. Clear this debris from your child's play area.
Always supervise children when they are
using playground equipment.
Key Resource: Home
Safety Council -